Positive Behavior Interventions and Support (PBIS) is a school-wide framework that offers buildings the opportunity for culture change. Implemented well, within a response to intervention (RTI) system that offers a wide array of creative, comprehensive options for academic and behavioral challenges, research on PBIS is promising. It reduces the need for special education referrals. It reduces the number of suspensions.
Most common misperceptions?
- PBIS is all about extrinsic rewards.
- All kids don’t “need” it, so why should we do it?
Don’t throw the baby out with the bath water!
PBIS is a comprehensive framework that is most effective when embedded in the school’s improvement plan/goals AND in collaboration with an RTI model around academics. The beauty of PBIS, really?
- develops predictable routines in common areas
- creates common language for staff and students
- focuses on teaching routines/expectations instead of punishing
- helps staff think through expectations for activities and procedures
- helps administrators think through expectations of staff and students
- keeps staff and administration communicating about their school culture
- helps school teams develop alternatives to suspension
Reward systems are part of PBIS and research across many buildings indicate it works. However, reward systems are only a small part of the bigger picture. During our professional learning and implementation support, we encourage buildings to determine if this part is necessary for them. If they are not comfortable with it, we help them implement without. After all, if the data indicates the climate is fine, why tamper with what works for them?
PBIS is not needed for you? This may be true for teachers who are incredibly effective at building relationships. Maybe you are consistent, positive and able to manage all difficulties within your classroom. But look around. Is this true for every classroom in your building? District? Is it possible that your building or district needs it, despite your success? The consistency, predictability and routines that PBIS supports offer are vital for children who come from chaotic, unpredictable communities/homes. Your demographics may not include these students. They may, but you might be effective regardless. Still, the benefits of PBIS done well are clear. They work for everyone, everywhere. This is about the building, not the individual teacher alone.
So, what does it take to become a high implementor of PBIS?
(1) Teacher commitment to the initiative needs to be developed and reinforced. Communication of guidelines and the rationale for practices could facilitate teacher buy-in. Systematic use of data to demonstrate the effectiveness of PBS practices was also linked to teacher buy-in.
(2) Clear implementation guidelines should be provided to all school staff through a structured system of professional development and information dissemination. The guidelines need to help teachers respond positively to an often diverse population of students. They also need to encourage consistent and appropriate implementation of the rewards system based on a shared understanding of PBS in the school.
(3) Systematic data collection and use allows teachers and administrators to monitor the nature, location, and frequency of smaller disciplinary infractions before they become larger issues.
(4) Including student input in data-based decision-making can be useful in addressing barriers associated with the rewards system, including selecting appropriate rewards and monitoring the consistency with which rewards are offered.
(5) PBS orientation/training for new and substitute teachers could increase the consistency of application within the school. Similarly, refresher training may be needed for more experienced teachers. However, given the limited resources for professional development and the experience of some teachers with PBS, creativity in how to provide the training – to whom, when, and in what format – will be needed.
Positive Behavior Support in Delaware Schools
Identifying Implementation Barriers and Facilitators in PBIS